Kioptrix is a series of intentionally vulnerable virtual machines (VMs) that are designed for practicing and testing penetration testing and cybersecurity skills. These VMs are created and maintained by a cybersecurity expert named Steven McElrea. The Kioptrix series includes a range of VMs that vary in their level of difficulty, from beginner to advanced. Each VM is designed to simulate a vulnerable environment that can be used to practice various cybersecurity techniques, such as penetration testing, vulnerability assessment, and exploit development.
Vulnerable Server Components